Bulgarian Kans

The horoscope group is complete in its ancient Iranian religious characteristics and Bulgarian foundations. The symbol of the Sun is realized in the equestrian; the lion denotes the Regales star; the dog stands for the Moon.

The date, which has been pointed out by computer analysis as the event of the horoscope logic and composition of Madera Relief, is 24 August 165 AD and the time is 1 to 6 pm. In other words, the rock monument encodes the sacred initiation of the statehood as high virtue, marking the same year, as does the Name-List of Bulgarian Kans.

Nevertheless, the pre-Christian epoch left fewer traces in Bulgarian civilization. Not I only because of their natural or deliberate deletion, but also because of the relatively limited repertoire of themes and subjects.

It is not by chance that the so-called “Golden § Age” of Bulgarian spirituality developed in I that period. It is the time of Christianization I in the middle of the 9th century until the e

Boyana Church and Private Sofia Tours

Medieval architecture and outstanding art in private Sofia tours

Nowadays, there are private Sofia tours that tell us interesting stories and facts of bygone times. A story like that is the one of the Boyana Church – the tiny jewel in the suburbs of Sofia.

Once upon a time, during the Middle Ages, there was the strong Bulgarian fortress that stood on the lower slopes of the Vitosha Mountain. Today that is the Sofia suburb of Boyana. Today`s Sofia used to be Sredets in the past and there were thirty-five fortresses and settlements, which formed the fortification systems of the city of Sredets. Boyana was one of the fortresses. Its name appeared for the first time in 969. The Boyana Church was built inside the bounderies of the fortress.

Boyana Church 900 years old

Cyclical Calendar

The cyclical calendar, as an embodiment of the idea of the “eternal circle”, is also a possible solution to the difficult metaphysical problem of “eternity-time”.

Of course, the ancient Bulgarian calendar r not the only cyclical calendar but it remain: incomparable with its accuracy and functionality to this day. The attempts to attribute its origin to Chinese or Turkic influences have proved futile. A Chinese geographic tractate of the 10th century includes an announcement of the 7th century, stating that the Chinese noted as an interesting fact the use of a 12-year cycle for calendar purposes by the population between Samarkand and Buhara. For them, the 12- year animal cycle as a calendar system outside the 60-year cycle was unknown until the time of the Han dynasty (206 BC-25 AD) when it was included in the Chinese cal


Interest in Aphrodisias has ebbed and flowed like the tide since 1961. Sometimes we await news of the ancient city with bated breath; other times we barely notice when it appears. We took the re-opening the newly refurbished Aphrodisias Museum on 2A October as an occasion for following up on the latest finds.

It’s September 1958. The then Prime Minister is going to open Turkey’s biggest dam, the Kemer. Getting wind of the event, Hayat (Life) magazine quickly dispatches photojournalist Ara Giiler to the nearby town of Aydin. Provided with a car and driver by the governor’s office, Giiler is stilt shooting when night falls. They lose their way, winding up in a coffeehouse in a remote mountain village. The locals are playing cards on top of a Roman column capital. As soon as it gets light the next morning,

Gtiler takes a look around the village, photographing the relie

Aphrodisias The Blue Horse

The ‘Blue Horse` sculpture, which was found in the Civil Basilica during the 1970 excavations, finally went on display last year in the Sebasteion Sevgi Goniil Gallery after waiting many years in storage. Although only the upper part of the young rider’s left leg remains, it is clear that he has been depicted falling off his horse. The work is important as the only example among ancient sculptures that depicts a galloping horse in marble.


The Sebasteion, constructed in the mid-lst century A.D. in honor of the Roman emperors and the local goddess Aphrodite, is adorned with a marble panel of 200 life-size human figures in high relief. One after the other, some 80 of them have been on display in the Sebasteion Sevgi Goniil Gallery since 2008. But there are also examples in the Dig House that have not been displayed and continue to undergo restoratio

The Museum of Yalvac

With such a wealth of history and historical remains, Yalvac naturally has a fine museum in which finds from excavations and other sources are on display. At the entrance to the museum you are greeted by examples of some of the fine reliefs that once graced Antiocheia`s monuments. Entering the museum, we are immediately enthralled …

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Street Markets of Istanbul

Street markets (pazar) still create a good alternative for economical shopping. People who generally do their shopping at various stores get astonished when they somehow come across with the prices in street markets located at different neigbourhoods on specific days of the week. The street markets at Ulus on Thursdays, YeSilkoy on Wednesdays, Kadikoy on …

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Nile, Stuttgart and New Delhi

Life on the Nile

A journey by boat from Luxor to Aswan is one the loveliest tripsy you will ever make.

The journey from L uxor to Aswan ona dahabiya, the traditional sailing cruisers that ply the Nile today as they have done for millennia, takes around six days – and will be amongst the most rewarding weeks you will ever spend travelling. Most of your time on the boat is spent up on deck, watching the landscape slipping silently by, disembarking at regular intervals to admire a nearby temple, a pharaoh`s tomb, or simply the ever-present desert. The berths and beds on board are very comfortable, but the best way to enjoy your time on dry land is with a night in one of the region`s many beautiful hotels. Passengers can let themselves be pampered at the beginning and end of this journey through time: in Luxor, the Al Moudira Hotel is a delight, and in Aswan, visitors can s